Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lamk.) is a plant that can be found from Himalayan plains, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, to South East Asia, include Indonesia. Moringa is a long-lived plant with 7-12 meters of height. The stem is woody (lignosus), dirty white, thin skin and easily broken. The branches is upright or tilted and tend to grow straight. Moringa leaves is oval-shaped and only the size of a fingertip. Moringa leaves are green, blunt tips, rounded base, flat edges, and have a size abaout 1-2 cm. Moringa flowers used to appear in the armpit of the leaves, with yellowish-white colour. Moringa fruit is triangular, with a length of about 20-60 cm and green. Moringa has white, radish shaped, sharp-smelling and spicy root.
Moringa leaves are rich of vitamins. Main Vitamin that contain in the leaves are Vitamin A and C. Vitamin A is good for immunity. Vitamin C is good for immunity is also good for the skin. According to the research, Vitamin A that contain in Moringa leaves is four times higher than carrots and vitamin C seven times higher than oranges. It can be used as free radicals protection and reduce oxidative stress.
One of the compound that can be found in Moringa is flavonoids and phytosterols. Flavonoids and fitosterol are compounds that used as medicine. Flavonoids in the Moringa leaves is useful to treat diabetes and phytosterol is useful for cholesterol.
Moringa leaves also contain calcium. Calcium is very useful to maintain Bone, teeth, and helps prevent osteoporosis. Calcium is also beneficial to activating several enzymes and hormones for metabolism. Moringa leaves also contain potassium which is very good for a blood pressure. Moringa leaf is also rich in iron. Iron is a nutrient needed by the body to produce blood. Therefore, Moringa leaves are very useful for preventing anemia, by reducing hemoglobin content in the blood.